What does endemic mean?

Data / date: 07/09/12 4 Comentarios / Comments

Folha S.Paulo

According to the dictionary “endemic” means  belonging to or prevalent or characteristic to a particular place, region, people. Concerning ecology it is restricted to a peculiar region or locality.

Recently researchers have found a new species of bird in the Espinhaço Mountains in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The bird was named “Pedreiro do Espinhaço” and it is unclear how it has arrived in the mountains at 1,500 meters altitude. The researchers believe to be an endemic species.

The bird inhabits rocky fields with herbaceous plants, where there is a frequent mist formed by moisture from the sea. For these features and by its isolation, the rocky fields are rich in endemic plants and animals that exist only there and nowhere else in the world!


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